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Marfa Boretskaya print that page


considerable charisma or influence as the matriarch of the clan, but never held actual office in Novgorod as they were confined to the male land-owners. Little is known of Marfa's personal life. She was widowed at some time in the 1460s and remained one of the wealthiest Novgorodian landowners

Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary print that page


The Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary ( Russian : Энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона) (35 volumes, small; 86 volumes, large) is, in its scope and style, the Russian counterpart to the 1911 Britannica . It contains 121,240 articles

Ivan Neplyuyev print that page


Neplyuev was born into an impoverished noble family in Poddubye near Novgorod . He enrolled at the local mathematical school in 1714, transferred to the Petersburg Naval Academy and then furthered his education in the naval service of Venice and Spain . He returned to Russia in 1720, winning

Russo-Swedish War (1554–1557) print that page

1583, arose out of border skirmishes. It ended when the parties agreed on a truce in the Treaty of Novgorod (1557) . Contents 1 Prelude 2 War 3 Conclusion 4 Notes 5 References [ edit ] Prelude The relation between Sweden and Russia was not the best. Ivan IV of Russia | 2011/8/14 2:42:00

Tysyatsky print that page

In the Novgorod Republic , tysyatskies were considered representatives of ordinary ( black ) people. Alongside with the role as the military leaders, they were also supposed to supervise the city fortifications, they could convene veches, they served as ambassadors and acted as judges in the | 2010/9/26 1:37:45

Mikhail Scotti print that page


concerning his drawing success. Then Scotti's painting The patriotism of the people of Nizhniy Novgorod in 1612 gained a small gold medal in 1835. In 1839-1844 Scotti resided in Italy. Returning to Petersburg he visited Constantinople to emerge an iconostasis from his works for the Russian

Andrey of Staritsa print that page

Lithuanian border and dispatched her minion, Prince Obolensky, to seize him. Andrey escaped to Novgorod , where he persuaded local nobility to join his cause. Reluctant to appeal to arms, however, he surrendered to the mercy of Obolensky. At Moscow, he was tried and thrown into prison with | 2010/9/24 17:46:44

Ingrian War print that page

la Gardie joined his forces with the Russian commander Mikhail Skopin-Shuisky and marched from Novgorod towards Moscow in order to relieve the tsar. Sweden's involvement into the Russian affairs gave Sigismund III Vasa a pretext to declare war on Russia . The Poles engaged the combined | 2010/10/1 10:39:24

Edigu print that page


Russia , which hadn't paid the tribute due to the horde for several decades. Edigu burnt Nizhny Novgorod , Gorodets , Rostov , and many other towns but failed to take Moscow , though he had still burnt it. Two years later Edigu was dethroned in the Golden Horde and had to seek refuge in

History of Belarus print that page


This article describes the history of Belarus . The Belarusian ethnos is traced at least as far in time as other East Slavs . After an initial period of independent feudal consolidation, Belarusian lands were incorporated into the Kingdom of Lithuania , Grand Duchy of Lithuania , and later